University of Navarra

  • University of Navarra

    Pamplona, Spain

  • University of Navarra

    Pamplona, Spain

  • University of Navarra

    Pamplona, Spain

  • University of Navarra

    Pamplona, Spain

  • University of Navarra

    Pamplona, Spain




Catholic Faculty


Catholic Students


On-campus students in single-sex dorms


The University of Navarra in Pamplona, Spain, was founded in 1952 by St. Josemaría Escrivá de Balaguer, founder of the Opus Dei personal prelature of the Catholic Church. From its inception down to the present day, the spirituality of its founder continues to be tangible throughout the University.

At around 8,700 undergraduates, the University is much larger than most other institutions recommended in this Guide. It offers dozens of majors, and all students are grounded in a relatively small yet in-depth core curriculum infused with Catholic wisdom. Ten close-knit residential colleges offer access to the sacraments and a vibrant community life. However, most students live off campus. 

Several majors allow students to take courses in English for the first year before transitioning to courses taught in Spanish. Considering the growing Hispanic population in the U.S., graduating with bilingual proficiency is a serious bonus.

The University has a diverse, yet predominantly Catholic community. About 60 percent of the professors are Opus Dei members and around 85 percent are practicing Catholics. Most students are not in Opus Dei, but they are largely Catholic. Mass attendance is relatively high, and all students are invited to take part in the rich sacramental life and cultural opportunities available on campus. Still, many do not.

The University of Navarra has a strong reputation for academics and the highest levels of accreditation within Spain and the European Union. Hundreds of alumni have gone on to work and study around the world, including the U.S. Combined tuition, room and board can vary from €14,600 (about $15,900) to €25,000 (about $27,200), depending on choice of major and college residence.


University of Navarra has fourteen different schools, each with several majors to choose from. Classes are taught in English for at least the first year in the schools of economics, sciences, humanities and social sciences, and communication. Foreign students receive intensive Spanish-language instruction during the first two years to continue their studies. 

All students are required to take core courses in ethics and anthropology, which both last for two semesters. They apply a philosophical method to the study of Christianity, reason, faith and the necessity of God. Students read many primary sources, including Aristotle, St. Augustine, St. Thomas Aquinas and some modern writers, but content is adjusted by each school.

The schools refer back to the core classes in later coursework where appropriate. Students are also required to take two “Cultural Keys” courses, which can include topics such as Church history, faith and reason, recent Papal thought and Biblical literature.

The school of humanities, in particular, provides many of the key elements students interested in a liberal arts education may be looking for. The University says that it designed the humanities program in order to give students a firm education in the Western intellectual tradition, especially its Christian inspiration. Humanities students can specialize in management in partnership with the school of economics or curatorial studies in partnership with the University’s modern art museum.

Study abroad is required, and options include universities in other European countries like Germany, Italy and the U.K. Some students go as far afield as China, Israel, Chile and other distant countries.

The University has dozens of master’s and doctoral programs. Ecclesiastical faculties of theology, philosophy and canon law offer canonical degrees approved by the Vatican. Students may pursue an STB directly out of high school, although instruction is in Spanish. Advanced ecclesiastical degrees are also offered.


One student jokingly told us that there’s a Mass being said on campus every hour of the day. It’s not far from the truth, as nearly every residence and academic building has its own chapel. They are designed reverently, including traditional art with much marble. The chapels form part of the natural rhythm of campus life, and some students habitually stop for a quick visit to the Blessed Sacrament.

The University estimates that Mass attendance is about 65 percent on Sundays and 25 percent for daily Masses. Adoration is held on Thursdays. There are a multitude of spiritual opportunities on campus, even for English speakers. Mass and Confession in English are available weekly. Other English-language activities include Bible studies, service projects, retreats and Theology on Tap.

Each school has its own priest-chaplain who typically teaches the ethics and anthropology classes. The chaplains form close relationships with students and offer mentoring and spiritual direction on a frequent basis. The priests are appointed by the chancellor or vice-chancellor of the University (the prelate and the regional vicar of Opus Dei, respectively).

Each year, the entire campus gathers for a public novena culminating in the consecration of the University to Our Lady on the Feast of the Immaculate Conception. Participation is reportedly very high. Below is a video from the celebration.


Residential Life on campus revolves around 10 single-sex residential colleges, or colegios mayores. Students in the colegios (about 15 percent of all students) are more likely than their peers to attend Mass and engage in the spiritual life on campus. There is a significant contingent of off-campus students who participate in colegios activities, but many others regularly turn to the nightlife in Pamplona instead.

Members of the opposite sex never enter each other’s residences in the colegios, except for academic or cultural events held in the auditoriums. The residence directors say they prefer to address chastity issues one-on-one as needed, rather than addressing the entire community. Wine is often served at lunch, which is the main meal of the day, but alcohol abuse and drug use are strictly prohibited.

Students living in the colegios form close friendships through a life of living, praying, eating, studying and socializing together. Between classes and meals, students are often found playing instruments, hanging out and visiting the Blessed Sacrament. The academic life of the University also finds root in the residences where students organize academic debates, art exhibitions and classical concerts.

The annual running of the bulls and San Fermin festival transform Pamplona into a raucous party town each July, while the University is out of session. But the 200,000-inhabitant city is quite friendly and many professors and their families contribute to a healthy local atmosphere. Local features include a gothic cathedral and several old churches, ancient Roman ruins, a beautiful park surrounding a renaissance-era fortress, museums, a concert hall, and many shops, restaurants and cafes.

Pamplona has been named one of the safest cities in Spain, although threats of violence against the city and University have been problematic in past years. Security on campus is tight.


There are many activities available in addition to the opportunities for spiritual and personal growth offered by the chaplaincy and colegios. Students may take part in clubs focusing on charitable works, entrepreneurship, literature, theater, cultural activities and many other areas of interest.

There are no intercollegiate sports, but there are many intramural options. The nearby Pyrenees Mountains along the French border are a popular destination for skiing during the winter months. A student hiking club also takes advantage of the mountains. The University is on the pilgrimage route to Santiago de Compostella, which students may want to travel during the summer.

Students have the rest of Europe at their fingertips, with relatively cheap flights to nearby countries. Some of the colegios take an annual pilgrimage to Rome.

Most students traveling to University of Navarra from out of Spain take connecting flights through Madrid to the small airport in Pamplona. The University has its own hospital on campus.

Bottom Line

Several students told us that the best thing about University of Navarra is its combination of solid faith formation and professional preparation. The point, they say, is to prepare students to pursue holiness and excellence in the workplace, whether it be a hospital, classroom, courtroom or office.

The myriad academic offerings, dynamic faith-oriented student life, ease of travel to other countries and chance to graduate with proficiency in Spanish combine to make University of Navarra an exciting and attractive new option in The Newman Guide. Students and their families will want to take a close look.

Questions & Answers

Each year, the Newman Society asks the colleges recommended in The Newman Guide to answer the following questions. Below you will find the responses that we received directly from the University of Navarra.

Is your institution accredited by at least one regional or national education association? (Yes/No)


Please identify each accreditor and indicate whether it is approved by the U.S. Department of Education:

The University of Navarra is a private institution, officially registered in the Register of Universities, Higher Education Colleges and Degrees (RUCT) of the Department of Education. This Registry is regulated by Royal Decree RD 1509/2008, of September 12th. According to this Registry, the University is registered with the code 031. The registration in the RUCT confirms the institution is accredited to issue official degrees backed by the Government of Spain and the European Union. Degrees from the University of Navarra are issued by the President of the University, on behalf of his Majesty the King of Spain. (Resolution of December 1996 (BOE of 16 10-01-1997). Undergraduate, Graduate and Ph.D. are fully accepted by the U.S. Department of Education and different universities within the country. University of Navarra is accredited for FFLP with the U.S. Department of Education.

Moreover, in relation to the University of Navarra studies, all of the official academic programs are in compliance with the requirements of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) and Bologna Declaration.  In particular, there are three levels of education: undergraduate degrees, master’s degrees and doctoral degrees.  For all three levels, the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) is applied. Recognition of degrees within the European Higher Education Area is thus possible.

Our degrees and masters are all recognized by the Spanish Department of Education and within the standards of the European Higher Education Area, EHEA.

Additionally, the University offers 50 private diplomas that are sponsored just by the university and are usually offered as a complement to an official degree.

In relation to the certificates issued by the institution, all of them are authorized by the Spanish Department of Education. In particular, the National Quality Assessment and Accreditation Agency of Spain (ANECA) has verified and approved, all of our official programs and they are registered in the RUCT.

Please cite evidence of student or alumni accomplishment, such as graduation rate, graduate school placement, job placement, awards, etc.

Graduate rate – 92.53%

Years to graduate (4 year degree) – 4.38 years

Teacher/student ratio – 1 to 12.7

Teachers in the University that hold PhD – 91%.

Although there are many other achievements by our students and graduates, here are some examples:

Iker Liceaga, graduate (2017) from TECNUN, Engineering School at Navarra, is now working at NASA Goddard in the satellites design team and loving it!

Our students have donated, via the European project “Olimpiada Solidaria”, a total of €.27.012 to educational community projects in countries of need. For every hour of study students can donate 1€ to the project – this way students help other members of society in need with their work/studies and effort. This solidarity project is organized by ONGD Coopera – Cooperación Internacional.

Please identify any notable public recognition of your institution’s academic quality in the last three years, such as rankings, awards, etc.

The University of Navarra has one single purpose: to provide students with the best possible education and training.

This excellence is reflected in national and international University Rankings.

The Times Higher Education, THE Ranking 2019 situated Universidad de Navarra as the third university in Europe in Teaching Quality, right after Oxford and Cambridge Universities.

The QS International Ranking places Universidad de Navarra in position 245 in the world. And the QS Ranking by Subject ranks 3 of our Schools between the top 100 in the world – Business, Philosophy and Communication.

And the university’s MBA, IESE, is ranked first in Europe and 6th in the world according to The Economist.

Idoia Ochoa, professor at our School of Engineering, graduate form Universidad de Navarra and with a master’s and Thesis from Stanford University, has been awarded by the MIT Technology Review magazine among the 25 most innovative young Europeans of 2019. The MIT Technology Review recognizes talent of entrepreneurs from different countries that are developing new technologies to help solve problems that affect society.

Three of our professors are included in the international list of the most cited researchers in the world, according to the ranking Highly Cited 2019 Researchers. Professors Miguel Angel Martínez-Gonzalez, Jesus San Miguel and Alfredo Martínez are in the 1% most cited researchers in their corresponding specialties (Medicine and Nutrition).

The Dean of the School of Communications, Charo Sádaba, has been included in the list of the 100 Most Influential Women in Spain – list that also includes other 5 graduates from Navarra: Clara Janés, poet and writer; Fuencisla Clemares, CEO Google Spain&Portual; Gabriela Uriarte, director at CEOE: Cristina Pardo, TV presenter; and Jaione Valle, biomedical researcher.

Museo Universidad de Navarra, in collaboration with Colegio Irabia Izaga, have hosted the XV Project Zero HGSE Congress, Harvard Graduate School of Education.

The university’s MBA, IESE, is ranked first in Europe and 6th in the world according to The Economist.

A group of research from Instituto Ciencia y Sociedad ICS received a scholarship from the John Templeton Foundation to conduct a research on Science & Religion in Spanish schools.

The Joint Commission International, JCI, has accredited the on-campus hospital, Clínica de Navarra, CUN, for the 5th consecutive year as an “Academic Medical Center Hospital”. There are a total of 76 accredited health centers outside the US, and CUN was the second center obtaining this accreditation.

Without neglecting difficult topics and ideas, how does your institution avoid leading students into serious error and spiritual harm through blasphemous, dissident, or heretical material in the bookstore, library, lectures, and course content?

All the course content, books and other materials on campus have to adhere to the mission statement of the University. The bookstore on campus, TROA Bookstore, promotes reading in general but with the main focus of fostering a Christian education and personal development of each person.

How are the insights of the Catholic faith integrated throughout the curriculum and course content in all subject areas?

Like in other areas of campus life, the University’s Christian inspiration is reflected in its desire to remain faithful to the Church and its Magisterium, and it transpires to our teachings and in the respect for Christian principles in research and education.

How does the institution’s academic program form students in love and knowledge of God, for sainthood?

First and foremost, with the example of many professor and students that life their faith coherently and responsibly and with a sincere openness to other members of the university community.

Then, the classes of our Core Curriculum are aim at helping students to reason about the meaning of man and humanity, relying in the lights of faith and reason.

How does the institution’s academic program prepare students for the renewal of culture in the light of Christ?

The activities of the University of Navarra seek to incorporate a set of values that guide and characterize the daily actions of those who make up the University and shape its environment and culture. Within this set of values, freedom, respect, responsibility and service are crucial to the development of the human virtues necessary to be beacons of light in the world.  These human virtues will be the base upon which sainthood can be worked on.

Additional Academic Quality information, clarification or description (optional)

All the Academic Programs are taught using traditional teaching methods, in the classroom.

The principal language of instruction is Spanish while the following degrees offer bilingual formats, in Spanish and English: Business Administration, Economics, Communication, Humanities, Design and International Relations. Some of these degrees offer the option of an “English Path”, where all classes the first year can be done all in English, having this way time to immerse and learn Spanish, and start with classes in Spanish in the second year of the degree. Schools that offer the English Path are Humanities, Business, International Relations and Communication.

Also, the University of Navarra offers Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs), but not as degree granting programs. They are available in English and Spanish and they are for free.

One of the differential values of this university is the teaching quality, understood as the constant formation of our teachers in order to offer students the best education possible. For this reason 95.62% of our Teachers hold PhD´s and 13% of them are from outside Spain. A PhD is a requirement for permanent teaching position.

Are more than half of the current members of your faculty practicing Catholics? (Yes/No)


Approximately what percentage of your current faculty members are practicing Catholics?

85% (Estimated. In Spain it is illegal to maintain official religious affiliation statistics.)

Are members of your faculty officially informed of their responsibility for maintaining and strengthening the Catholic identity of the institution? (Yes/No)


How are faculty members informed of this responsibility?

During the onboarding plan for personnel and it is also part of the continuing professional development.

Are members of your teaching faculty required, as a condition of employment, to be faithful to the magisterium of the Catholic Church in all teaching activities? (Yes/No)


Are members of your teaching faculty required, as a condition of employment, to conform to Catholic moral teaching in their public actions and statements both on and off campus?


Do all Catholic faculty members make the Catholic Profession of Faith and Oath of Fidelity? (Yes/No)


Please identify key undergraduate faculty members who are noted experts in their field, have produced important publications, have leadership roles in academic associations, etc. and briefly describe such accomplishments (optional):

In Science:

Mancini Maza, Héctor Luis (H-Index 17)

Maza Ozcoidi, Diego Martín (H-Index 22)

Novo Villaverde, Francisco Javier (H-Index 19)

Zuriguel Ballaz, Iker (H-Index 19)

In Health:

San Miguel Izquierdo, Jesús Fernando (H-Index 98)

Martínez González, Miguel Ángel (H-Index 75)

Martí del Moral, Amelia Ángela (H-Index 44)

Irache Garreta, Juan Manuel (H-Index 42)

In Humanities:

Casado Velarde, Manuel (H-Index 15)

Naval Durán, Concepción (H-Index 14)

Lara Ros, María Sonia (H-Index 9)
Sison Galsim, Alejo José (H-Index 12)

In Engineering:

Ortiz de Solórzano Aurusa, Carlos (H-Index 23)

García-Rosales Vázquez, Carmen (H- Index 25)

Fernández Seara, María Asunción (H-Index 25)

Rubio Díaz-Cordovés, Ángel (H-Index 16)

In Law & Social Sciences:

Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón (H-Index 21)

Torres Salinas, Daniel (H-Index 22)

Pérez de Gracia Hidalgo, Fernando (H-Index 17)

Cuñado Eizaguirre, María Juncal (H-Index 17)

Additional faculty information, clarification, or description (optional):

The University´s Christian identity provides a comprehensive approach to academic education that prompts professors to spur on the progress of knowledge by relying on the lights of faith and reason, which mutually reinforce one another to advance the frontiers of human understanding. Academic activity done with an open mind raises basic questions about human beings and the world.

Some of the main duties of the Faculty of the University of Navarra are:

  • Deliver university- level teaching in various fields, confer the corresponding academic degrees and provide students with the means to enable them to derive the full benefit from their studies
  • Promote academic Research in different fields of knowledge to further teaching and as a way to bring knowledge to society and foster innovation and development.
  • Contribute to students’ education through personalized mentoring, with activities aimed at acquiring professional competences and personal habits that stimulate personal development in all of its dimensions: Cultural, artistic, religious, athletic and solidarity.

Besides teaching and research, our Faculty devotes a lot of time to students advisory  – the data for advisory in the academic year 2018/19 is 86% as the frequency of advisory, meaning every student in the 1st year met 4 times with the advisor.

 At the University of Navarra, there is no available official statistic on the religious practices of our faculty members. Nevertheless, the majority of our faculty members are practicing Catholics. In fact, as faculty members, they live according to our origin and inspiration of our mission statement.

Faculty members have to sign a document in which they declare that they know and accept the Mission Statement, the Origin and Inspiration of it and its values.

The Mission of the University of Navarra is to seek and present the truth. Within the framework of religious freedom, the University of Navarra promotes love towards the Catholic Church.

Love of freedom and responsibility is the fundamental principle of academic and professional life, research work, medical and healthcare activity.

To carry out its educational mission, the people who make up the University of Navarra (students, professors and other professionals) must freely commit to live by the University´s aims, and to participate in the educational work, above all through the integrity of their conduct and a spirit of cooperation.

Because of their special role, the teachers and professionals that work at the University must be outstanding in their professional competence and the rectitude of their lives, fulfillment of their responsibilities, loyal collaboration with their colleagues and academic authorities and, in general, their willingness to serve the other people in the university community.

Does the institution have a department of Catholic theology, distinct from “religious studies” and other disciplines?


Are courses in Catholic theology clearly identified and distinguished from other courses dealing with religion?


Does every faculty member in the theological disciplines have the mandatum (or the “canonical mission” for ecclesiastical faculties) approved by the appropriate Church authority, as required by Canon Law? (Yes/No)


Do all faculty in the theological disciplines make the Catholic Profession of Faith and Oath of Fidelity? (Yes/No)


Does your institution require that all theology courses be taught in a manner faithful to Scripture, Tradition, and the Church’s Magisterium, and also to the principles and methods proper to Catholic theology? (Yes/No)


Please identify the theology courses that are included in the undergraduate core or distribution requirements and the professors who routinely teach those courses:

The University offers two required courses and makes several others available that cover theology, philosophy, history and cultural studies, although none are theology courses in the strict sense.

The two courses included in all the degrees are:

  • Anthropology (2 semesters)
  • Ethics (2 semesters)

Students are also required to choose two one-semester “Cultural Keys” courses, including options such as:

  • Anthropology II
  • Ethics II
  • Current Cultural Keys: Science, Reason and Faith
  • Faith and Reason from John Paul II to Benedict XVI
  • Major Protagonists of the Bible
  • History of the Church: Modern and Contemporary Eras
  • Introduction to Theology
  • Theology of the Body
  • The Christian Message: God and the Human Being

The professors who teach these courses come from all of the schools in the University. The Core Curriculum classes are now also offered in a new format: Great Books Program. Students from different schools in our campus come together in a class and read and discuss in small groups great books of literature and thought.

Please describe the place of Catholic theology in your institution’s undergraduate curriculum and how it is distinct from other institutions.

Studying at the University of Navarra means receiving an education at a modern and renowned university at which Christian inspiration is not simply a fundamental idea, but guides and informs all the activities of the organization. Students live in an atmosphere of community with other students and can participate in interdisciplinary programs in areas such as Philosophy, Communication, Law, Canon Law, Bioethics and Information Technology.

The University teaches anthropology and ethics courses, both of which include theological aspects, as a part of all degree programs.  The University organizes a wide range of activities open to all members of the academic community who are interested in deepening their knowledge of Jesus Christ and the Catholic Church, or receiving pastoral care from the chaplains, in a context of religious freedom.

The Apostolic Constitution Ex Corde Ecclesiae establishes that each University of Christian inspiration must have a Faculty or at least a Chair of Theology. This was the reason why St. Josemaría wanted to create the Faculty of Theology in this University, well before the Apostolic Constitution was issued. He understood that by the very nature of the object of its knowledge, Theology occupies an essential place in the University community. For him it was clear that the primary role of the Faculty of Theology was not the priestly formation but the concern for the rest of the University.

Theology must be considered the first among sciences and not only because that has been historically or chronologically the case. The priority of Theology, far from claiming superiority over the other sciences, is grounded in the proper object of its study.

The theological and doctrinal education of students in other schools at the university is a competence of the School of Theology.  In this way, students will discover how faith and reason are oriented to the truth.

Additional theology information, clarification, or description (optional):

The University of Navarra has a School of Theology that started as a Theological Center in 1964 and was erected by the Holy See as a School in 1969. Its academic degrees have full canonical and civil validity. The School’s primary mission is to provide its students with comprehensive theological training; it also aims to train teachers and researchers in the sacred sciences. Its licentiate (postgraduate/master’s) degree programs are divided into three specializations: Biblical Theology, Systematic Theology (Dogmatic Theology and Moral and Spiritual Theology Pathways) and Historical Theology (History of the Church and History of Theology Pathways)

The Quality and Accreditation Assessment Committee of the Schools of Ecclesiastical Studies at the University of Navarra is in charged with analyzing, advising and monitoring the quality and academic improvement systems of the Schools of Ecclesiastical Studies at the University of Navarra and the Higher Institutes of Religious Sciences associated with the School. This Committee also maintains an ongoing relationship with the Quality and Accreditation Assessment Committee of the University of Navarra (CECA), the Agency for the Evaluation and Promotion of Quality in Ecclesiastical Universities and Faculties (AVEPRO) and other national and international academic quality agencies.


  • The Bachelor of Theology, known in the U.S. as S.T.B., aims to provide students with comprehensive, detailed training in theology that covers the entire Catholic faith. The studies are carried out over five academic years (300 ECTS credits).
  • The four specialties of the Licentiate Degree in Theology, known in the US as S.T.L. (postgraduate), are aimed at ensuring that students acquire a thorough understanding of a specific branch of theology and carry out theological research. These studies are carried out in two academic years (120 ECTS credits) and include completion of a minor thesis.
  • The Doctoral Degree in Theology (S.T.D.) prepares students for teaching activity at ecclesiastical schools and universities, as well as higher institutes of religious sciences. It also enables students to carry out review and advisory work on a range of theological subjects. The completion of the doctoral dissertation usually takes between two and five years.

There has been extensive publication activity at our School of Theology: Theology library, Theological collections, and Church History collection.

The School of Theology, since 1979, sponsors the International Theological Symposium, held annually. Today, it is called the International Congress of the Schools of Ecclesiastical Studies. It attracts specialists from around the world – theologians, philosophers, legal practitioners, physicians, teachers, etc. – to discuss a single current topic. Participants come from a range of European and American universities, universities in Rome, etc. Members of the Hierarchy, the Holy See and church figures also participate. The published proceedings from the symposia held thus far are available in the Publications section.

Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger was Doctor Honoris Causa of the University in 1998.

The Institute of Core Curriculum is an academic institution in charge of elaborating, promoting, coordinating and supervising the anthropological and ethical teaching at the University of Navarra.

Please identify any course that every undergraduate student must take:

There are two subjects included in all the degrees; both of them are compulsory disciplines to be studied:

  • Anthropology
  • Ethics

Please identify the courses that students may choose from in order to satisfy common curriculum distribution requirements:

Students are required to choose two one-semester “Cultural Keys” courses, including options such as:

  • Anthropology II
  • Ethics II
  • Current Cultural Keys: Science, Reason and Faith
  • Faith and Reason from John Paul II to Benedict XVI
  • Major Protagonists of the Bible
  • History of the Church: Modern and Contemporary Eras
  • Introduction to Theology
  • Theology of the Body
  • The Christian Message: God and the Human Being

The Core Curriculum classes are now also offered in a new format: Great Books Program. Students from different schools in our campus come together in a class and read and discuss in small groups great books of literature and thought.

How many credits are required for graduation and what percent are from core / distribution courses?

For graduation in a 4 year degree, 240 credits are required (60 per year). The core curriculum and Cultural Keys courses represent 18 credits. Therefore, 7.5 percent are core/distribution courses. Some of our Schools require additional credits for graduation in specific programs. Some of our dual degrees are 5 or 6 years long.

Is every undergraduate student required to take one or more courses in which they are taught authentic Catholic doctrine and practice? (Yes/No)


If yes, please describe them generally and note how many courses are required?

Anthropology and Ethics – each class is 6 credits and is a mandatory class. Anthropology is taught in the 1st year and Ethics in the 2nd or 3rd years.

The University coordinates the teaching of these 2 classes as part of the core curriculum for all of our students through the Institute of Core Curriculum. This institute supervises the content and provides the teachers for each of the Schools.

The 2 core curriculum classes provide the necessary basis to move onto a professional ethics class that is part of each specific degree.

In addition to this, students must take at least two courses in “Cultural Keys” from the list offered before.

Is every undergraduate student required to take one or more interdisciplinary courses relating theology or philosophy with other disciplines? (Yes/No)


Additional core curriculum information, clarification, or description (optional):

The humanistic and Christian inspiration permeates all the courses taught at the University of Navarra. The goal is not only to prepare our graduates to be very successful in their professional life but to ensure a solid humanistic and spiritual formation that will enable them to be sources of Christian change and improvement in society.

Video from the Institute of Core Curriculum:

Number of majors:


List the major, minor and special program areas that students may choose for specialization while pursuing an undergraduate degree:

The University of Navarra has 14 different Schools that cover most of the academic spectrum – with a total of 38 undergraduate degrees, 14 bilingual degrees and 13 dual degrees. Each School develops and promotes specific itineraries or diplomas, following demand and student interest, and this offer evolves each year. The new develop “English Path” allows non-Spanish speakers to enroll in specific bilingual degrees and have all classes during the first year taught in English. After a year of immersion and Spanish classes, the student will have to enroll in some classes in Spanish starting in the second year of the degree.

What are the three most popular majors or specialty disciplines for undergraduate students, and about what percentage of undergraduate students specialize in these disciplines?

The most popular schools are Medicine, Communication, Business and Economics, Humanities and the International Foundation Program.

Does each undergraduate degree program require Catholic ethical formation related to the student’s major field(s) of study? (Yes/No)

The classes of Anthropology and Ethics are mandatory for all of our students, and these classes are the base knowledge required to participate in a later class in all degrees on professional ethics.

Does your institution regularly provide academic events to address theological questions related to specialized disciplines? (Yes/No – if yes, please describe)

Yes. For example, we developed a sequence of conferences about the Immigration Crisis in Syria and its moral implications. Another example, around the time of the euthanasia debate, we organized a sequence of conferences for students, professors and professionals.

Does your institution require cooperation among faculty in different disciplines in teaching, research, and other academic activities? (Yes/No – if yes, please describe)

Yes. The interdisciplinary approach is one of the main values of the University and the University’s mission statement – to seek and present the truth. It is a collective enterprise that requires dialogue between specialists from different academic areas. With this approach, the diversity of the sciences is mutually enriching, students acquire an overall vision and knowledge is not overly compartmentalized.

One of the main examples of this understanding among the sciences is our Institute for Culture and Society, ICS. ICS is formed by 67 researchers from 18 countries that have participated in 150 academic activities in 28 different centers around the world.

Does the institution have one or more priest chaplains on campus for the Sacraments and spiritual direction? (Yes/No)

Yes. Each one of our schools in campus has a chaplain assigned and he celebrates the sacraments for that school – Holy Mass, confessions, spiritual direction, Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament…

On average, how many hours per week is a priest chaplain on campus and available to students?

Our priest are available during class hours and, if needed, anytime during the day. Most of them live either on campus or in the city of Pamplona, right next to campus.

Please describe the priests who minister to students and celebrate the Sacraments on campus.

Our priests are a wonderful addition to our campus life, they are seeing by students and staff as part of the campus life and are present and available during day and night. Many of them live in our residence halls and participate in their activities (sacraments, sports, conferences, trips…).

Our priest are members of the Priestly Society of the Holy Cross – Opus Dei. All of them hold a college degree and PhD in Theology or Philosophy.

Does the local bishop (or other competent ecclesiastical authority) select or approve the appointment of your priest chaplain(s)? (Yes/No)

The Chancellor or the Vice-Chancellor of the University selects and approves the chaplain priests.

The Chancellor is the prelate of Opus Dei, currently, Monseñor Fernando Ocariz. The Vice-Chancellor is Mons. Ramón Herrando.

Does the institution have one or more campus ministers on campus (lay or religious, but not priests) who are available to students for spiritual direction? (Yes/No)

The residence halls on campus have lay mentors who are available for students for spiritual direction but also for academic or personal advice if needed and requested.

Please describe the campus ministers who are not priests.

The lay mentors in the residence halls on campus are highly formed in personal coaching and mentoring, and a strong life example for the residents. They help students form a strong base of human virtues necessary to life a life of prayer and faith.

Does your institution offer Mass to students at least on Sundays and other days of obligation? (Yes/No)


On average, about what percentage of undergraduate students attend Sunday Mass (including the Saturday vigil Mass) during the academic year? 

There is no statistic on this percentage, but there is a high number (65% – 75%) of students attending Sunday Mass.

Does your institution offer daily Mass to students? (Yes/No)


On average, about how many undergraduate students attend daily Mass during the academic year?

There is no statistic on this, but it is close to 25-35% of the students.

Does your institution offer the Extraordinary Form of the Mass to students? (Yes/No – if yes, when and how often?)


Are all of the Masses celebrated on campus reverent and in accord with liturgical norms and directives? (Yes/No)


Please list the schedule of Masses, noting the following for each Mass: the day and time, the Form or Rite of the Mass, and the style of music, if any (chant, traditional, contemporary, etc.):

During the academic year, Masses are held in many buildings on campus.  Not counting the Masses held in the student residences, the daily Mass times are: 7:25, 8:00, 8:15, 11:00, 12:00, 13:00, 13:35, 13:50, 18:00, 19:05, and 20:15. Saturday Masses are held at 8:00, 12:00, 13:00, and 19:00. Sunday Masses are held at 8:00, 12:00, 13:00, 17:00, 19:00, and 20:15.

Mass is offered in English in the University Hospital Chapel on Sundays at 17:00.

Does your institution offer Confession on campus at least weekly? (Yes/No)


List the schedule for Confession by day and time:

Confessions are heard by the chaplains in each of the 14 schools and other academic department in the University.  Students can find on our web page the times each Chaplain is available for Confession. Most of the chaplains have at least two different Confession times each week.  Confessions in English are offered by three priests on campus several times a week.

Does your institution offer Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament at least weekly? (Yes/No)


List the schedule for Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament by day and time:

There are 5 chapels on campus that have Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament every Thursday during the academic year. The times include:

Oratorio del Ed. Amigos: 11.45 – 16.00

Oratorio de la Facultad de Comunicación: 17.30 – 18.00

Oratorio de Ciencias: 12.50 – 20.00 Oratorio de Ciencias

Oratorio de la Clínica Universidad de Navarra: 16.00 – 18.45

Oratorio del CIMA: 15.40 – 16.00

Basilica de San Ignacio in Pamplona offers Perpetual Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament.

Please identify regularly scheduled devotions on campus for students such as the Rosary and prayer groups:

For international Students (English speaking), the Chaplaincy organizes several activities (some according to demand), including:

–  Reflections on the Bible

–  Assistance to the Needy. Providing assistance to the poor, the sick, and the aged.

–  Lending Library. A collection of spiritual and cultural reading books in English is available for borrowing.

–  Recollections & Retreats

–  Catholicism series (Word on Fire). Viewing of Fr. Barron’s “Catholicism” videos.

–  Faith and Questions. Inquiry sessions dealing with questions frequently raised about the Christian faith.  Open to all who want to look more deeply into vital aspects of religious belief. Topics: the Existence of God; God and Evil; Creation and the Book of Genesis; the identity of Jesus Christ; Christ’s Resurrection; the Church; the Afterlife; the end of the world; prayer life; the Mass; Sin and Forgiveness; Euthanasia; Biomedical Ethics; Sexual Ethics; Love, Marriage, Divorce; Social Justice and the Christian; Communism, Capitalism, and Christianity.

– Theology on Tap. Informal get-together (over supper) with a speaker on current religious issues.

The University has other traditional celebrations like Holy Spirit Mass (September 1st), Immaculate Conception Novena (November 30th to December 8th), Celebration of Our Lady of Guadalupe (December 12th), Christmas Celebration (December), Ash Wednesday, Adoration Lignum Crucis (5th Friday in Lent), Celebration of Our Lady of Fair Love (May 1st), Celebration Beato Don Alvaro del Portillo (May 12th), Celebration San Josemaría Escrivá (June 26th) .

The chaplaincy organizes pilgrimages to Camino de Santiago, Rome, Lourdes, Javierada and Holy Land.  The chaplaincy also organizes Catholic doctrine courses for Baptism, Confirmation or Marriage preparation.

Does your institution offer retreat programs available to all Catholic students at least annually? (Yes/No)

The chaplaincy organizes times of prayer on campus once a month in the Chapel of Edificio Amigos and 2 days retreats off campus for students.

Please describe any formal programs to foster vocations to the priesthood and religious life:

At the university there is no formal programs to foster vocations. Nevertheless, chaplains help individually every student who has interest in discovering their personal vocation.

If your institution has formal vocation programs, about how many students participate in them each year?


Are you aware of any graduates from your institution (not including seminary students, if any) who are ordained to the priesthood or have entered religious life? Please describe.

 Yes – every year we have graduates entering the religious life and others being ordained as priests. One example is the current bishop of diocese of Bilbao, who is a former Medicine student of the University of Navarra.

Does your institution limit religious services and activities on campus (not including private prayer and devotions) to faithfully Catholic activities? (Yes/No)


Additional Chaplaincy information, clarification, or description (optional):

 The University Hospital, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, also offers Sunday Mass. And the student residences on campus, called Colegios Mayores,  also offer daily and Sunday Mass for students. Moreover, the city of Pamplona, right next to our campus, also has many parishes that offer Masses in those days.

In addition to this, the University of Navarra has a small shrine dedicated to the Virgin, Mother of Fair Love. This shrine is on Campus and is open to everyone. The College graduation event starts with the Offering of Flowers ceremony to the Our Lady and a Holy Mass.

 Daily Mass is offered to everyone on campus – teachers, students, staff, and visitors. There is Mass at each one of the schools, at the University Hospital, at each of the student residencies as well as in the many parishes around the city of Pamplona.

 In all the Masses celebrated on campus the liturgical care and reverence during the celebration is of great importance. This reverence can also be seen in the care, cleanliness and decor of all of the Chapels on campus.

 Priests are always available for Confessions – and that is one of the functions of a school’s chaplain.

The University Chaplaincy offers international students the possibility of attending English Mass, Confession, Spiritual Guidance and other activities. Spiritual guidance and sacraments in other languages is also possible, if requested by any student.

Please describe options for students to reside on and off campus:

The housing options are plentiful and every student should be able to find an accommodation that fits his/her needs and financial situation. The University of Navarra Housing Office provides information on the different kinds of housing and advises students to help them find a place to live.

There are different kinds of housing offered by the University of Navarra:

  • Halls of Residence
  • University Residences
  • The CET Project (Qualification, Study and Work)
  • Family Houses
  • Supervised Apartments
  • Apartments for Rent

As part of our campus, we have Colegios Mayores or Halls of Residence.

Outside of campus, there are other residence halls (some run by nuns or religious order, other not), apartments for rent or share and the option of staying with families. The main difference between Halls of Residence (Colegios Mayores) and University Residences is the adscription and cultural life of them. In Halls of Residence, there is an intense cultural life, being part of the University of Navarra (about 15% of students live in the Halls). University Residences are external of the university and they do not take part in the campus life.

What percentage of students reside in housing offered by your institution?


Does your institution offer only single-sex residence halls? (Yes/No)


What percentage of students living on campus live in single-sex residence halls?


If your institution offers co-ed residence halls, how are students of the opposite sex separated?


When are students of the opposite sex permitted to visit common areas of residence halls?

Only when the residence has an organized open activity, like a conference or concert, or an Open House for Parents.

Are students of the opposite sex ever permitted to visit students’ bedrooms? (Not including irregular “open house” events, once or twice a semester.) (Yes/No – if yes, when?)


If students of the opposite sex are visiting students’ bedrooms, does your institution require that doors are fully open and lights on? Please describe.


How does your institution foster sobriety and respond to substance abuse on campus, particularly in campus residences?

In any of the on campus residences halls and university facilities, any alcohol or drug abuse means an automatic expulsion.  These rules are clearly explained to each of the students.  The cases of alcohol or drug abuse are very exceptional.

How does your institution foster a student living environment that promotes and supports chastity, particularly in campus residences?

During the admission interview, the rules of the residence hall are explained clearly. And these Colegios Mayores also organized sessions and conferences for the students to explain the importance of the virtue of chastity for every Christian.

How does your institution foster Catholic prayer life and spirituality in campus residences?

The Colegios Mayores that are part of our campus develop an educational program for the student residents that aims at helping them acquire the necessary human virtues and values that will help them be successful in college and good professionals in the future. This educational program includes activities in several areas – all necessary for a comprehensive view of the student as a whole person.  Examples include personal advisory, participation in clubs and seminars, conferences, trips, sports and spiritual activities.

Examples of spiritual activities offered in a Colegio Mayor include Mass, spiritual direction with a priest, Confession, prayer time every Saturday, Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament every 1st Friday, annual and monthly retreats.

Additional Residence Life information, clarification, or description (optional):

The Halls of Residence or “Colegios Mayores” are centers associated with the university which provide the students with the resources required for optimal academic, cultural and social development. About 15% of students live in the Halls of Residence.

The residents that participate in the cultural activities, seminars, volunteering activities organized by this Residence Halls, can receive college credits at the same time.

The Colegios Mayores or residence halls that are part of our campus are single sex residences. There are 2 Residence Halls for men and 4 for women:

The Residence Halls for men have the possibility not only for undergraduate students, but also for graduate students to live there.

At the University Residences, which are run by religious institutions, residents do not need to be university students.

All the students that live on campus live in single-sex residence halls. The other housing options are off campus.

In the university owned flats, male and female students do not live together. They are single sex students’ flats.

Please identify and briefly describe officially recognized student clubs and activities at your institution that…

…foster spiritual development:

University Chaplaincy

…engage in corporal works of mercy:


…address sexual issues (including birth control, abortion, homosexuality):


…address issues of social concern:

Tantaka is an official club of the university that coordinates and promotes all activities done on and around social concerns/charity. It promotes mostly the “donation” of time by our students, many times in their area of specialization (doctors, nurses, education, etc…). Tantaka collaborates with more than 50 national and international nonprofit organizations. The main areas of work promoted by Tantaka are Adult and Child Education, Attention to the Elderly, Youth Programs, Social Integration, Attention to the Disabled, Legal Support, and Communication. Tantaka organizes courses to train the volunteers and help them better understand the many difficult situations they will have to face. There are different campaigns and activities during the whole year and special summer projects in which to participate.

…address particular academic interests:

Club Emprendedores is a club that promotes and supports entrepreneurship. Students can sign up and participate in all the activities, conferences and competitions. For example, the “Yuzz Competititon” promotes and supports technology innovation with cash prizes and trips to Silicon Valley.

Others examples are The Case Competition Club from the School of Economics, or the Corporate Communication Club from the School of Communication, the Archeology Club and The Science Club from the School of Sciences.

…address particular cultural interests:

There are many Cultural Activities organized on Campus.  Literario Divelas is a club where students and friends get together to read and discuss books, poems, etc. and meet on a weekly basis. There is the University Chorus and Orchestra and several Theatre Clubs, each with a specific line of theatre

…provide opportunities for athletic pursuits:

The Club de Montaña (Mountaineer Club) promotes and organizes for students and professors hiking outings to nearby mountains.

At the University of Navarra, the practice of sports is understood as a necessary element for the integral formation of students. For this reason, any Sport Club on campus focuses on the human development of the athletes who participate in it, rather than on their sports performance. Responsibility, discipline, commitment, belonging and a healthy competition are some of the values it promotes.

Club Deportivo – essentially intramural sports – supports and promotes the practice of many sports between our students, always understanding that the practice of these sports can help consolidate the human virtues and values the university wants to promote. Some of the sports are tennis, taekwondo, archery, paddle, triathlon, handball, fencing, golf, kendo, paddel, squash, archery, soccer, basketball, and volleyball. Several competitions are organized during the academic year.

The Centro de Estudios Olímpicos on campus helps promote and integrate the practice of sports in the university, promotes research in this field and helps the community understand and value the benefits of good sportsmanship and competition. In coordination with several schools it has developed study programs like Sports Law and Sport Nutrition.

This Center runs the program Talento Deportivo, program that supports around 80 students each year that want to practice a sport at a professional or semi-professional level but understand the importance of obtaining for the future a demanding college degree. The students accepted in this program received support in the areas of classes and exam scheduling, nutrition, fitness support, medical support.

Video Program Talento Deportivo – Centro de Estudios Olimpicos

…please list all student clubs not listed in the above categories:

There are many initiatives generated by the students themselves:

  • Forun 2020 Congress: Rethinking the Future
  • Club de Español: organizes activities to promote Spanish language and culture
  • The Hub: Designing and making workshop
  • XI COE Congress: Oncology Congress for students
  • UNMUN: United Nations simulation exercise
  • Dikajos: Debating Society
  • AJÁ: Free legal advice
  • La Buena Vida: Sessions about current affairs and Christianity
  • Biotechnology and companies Society
  • Environmental volunteering

If applicable, in which athletic Division and Conference does your institution compete? (Please specify NCAA, NAIA, etc. as well as Division level.)


What athletic teams are offered for men and women?


How do you help develop the mind, body, and soul of student-athletes?


Does your institution require all student clubs and activities, including those listed above, to operate in accord with Catholic teaching? (Yes/No)


How does your institution address student clubs and activities that may conflict with Catholic teaching?

The clubs and activities organized by the University cannot be in conflict with the Catholic teaching. If so, that activity will be cancelled.

Does your institution require student services like health care, counseling and guidance to conform to Catholic ethical and moral teaching and directives? (Yes/No)


How does your institution restrict student access to obscene and pornographic material, including computer and network access, the library, and the bookstore?

First, and following our principles of freedom and responsibility, we work on forming our students on personal responsibility so they can make their own good choices. Secondly, we work on the internet on campus using the appropriate filters to avoid such activity.

Additional Student Activities information, clarification, or description (optional):

The University carries out cultural dissemination and University outreach work though activities organized by the University itself and initiatives carried out in conjunction with other institutions.

The University should contribute to students’ education with activities aimed at acquiring professional competences and personal habits that stimulate personal development in all of its dimensions: cultural, artistic, religious, athletic and solidarity.

Due to this, the University develops student capacity to be critical thinkers, which enables students to freely form their own opinions and convictions, but contribute to the academic, cultural and personal education of its students, in its mission of seeking the truth.

Has your institution’s diocesan bishop (or other competent ecclesiastical authority) officially recognized the institution as Catholic? (Yes/No)


Do your institution’s governing documents include or reference the General Norms and Particular (United States) Norms of Ex Corde Ecclesiae? (Yes/No)

Yes. The governing documents of the University of Navarra are absolutely in agreement with Ex Corde Ecclesiae.

Do your institution’s governing documents or institutional policies require conformity to the General Norms and Particular (United States) Norms of Ex Corde Ecclesiae? (Yes/No)


What is your institution’s mission statement?

“The University of Navarra is based on the Christian inspiration promoted by St. Josemaría Escrivá de Balaguer, the founder of Opus Dei. Its mission is to seek and present the truth; contribute to the academic, cultural and personal education of its students; promote academic research and healthcare activities; provide suitable opportunities for the development of its professors and employees; and carry out broad cultural outreach and social promotion work with a clear goal of service.”

Does your institution have a written policy prohibiting awards, honors, or speaking platforms for individuals or organizations that defy, by public action or statement, fundamental Catholic moral principles including the sacredness and dignity of human life and the sanctity of marriage? (See United States bishops, “Catholics in Political Life.”)(Yes/No)


Please give or explain your campus speaker and honoree policy in light of Catholic moral teaching:


Additional Institutional Identity information, clarification, or description (optional):

The University of Navarra was declared a Pontifical University by Pope John XXIII on October 26, 1960.

The University of Navarra is based on the Christian inspiration promoted by St. Josemaría Escrivá de Balaguer, the founder of Opus Dei, and first Chancellor of the University.  The aim of this prelature of the Catholic Church is to help people seek the fullness of Christian life though their work, family life and ordinary activities. The Chancellor of the University of Navarra is the Prelate of Opus Dei, Mons. Fernando Ocariz.

The University´s Christian inspirations are reflected in its desire to remain faithful to the Church and its Magisterium, in its reflection on their teachings, in its respect for the Christian principles in research, in its promotion of personal dignity and rights, and in the sense of service that it seeks to lend to its activities.

Within the framework of religious freedom, the University of Navarra promotes love towards the Church, unity with the Pope and the Bishops, a sense of communion with the other Catholics, an ecumenical spirit with all Christians and respect for believers in other religions and those who profess no faith.

Describe the makeup of your institution’s undergraduate student body with regard to sex, religion, home state/country and type of high school (public, private, homeschool):

Total number of students: total of 11.988

Undergraduate students: 8.552

Male 47.46%                  Female  52.54%

Catholic:80%             Other Christian: 5%         Jewish: <1% Muslim: <1%             Other: 15% Domestic students: 75.54% International students: 24.45% 55 different nationalities represented in campus Catholic HS 40%                          Homeschool <1% Private HS 20%                            Public HS 40% Additional Student Body information, clarification, or description (optional):

Because of the very good and affordable public higher education that is offered in Spain, and Europe in general, the University of Navarra is considered an expensive higher education option. Our cost, compared to the cost in the US might not appear as expensive, but the reality of our local market is that we have to compete with very good and inexpensive public institutions.  The main competitive advantage of University of Navarra is our prestige and the very high standard of our academics.  Navarra is ranked, year after year, as the 1st private university in Spain.

Are prospective and current members of your institution’s governing board(s) informed of their responsibility for maintaining and strengthening the Catholic identity of your institution? (Yes/No)


Are more than half of the current members of your institution’s governing board(s) practicing Catholics? (Yes/No)


Do Catholic members of your institution’s governing board(s) make the Catholic Profession of Faith and Oath of Fidelity? (Yes/No)


Is your institution’s president a practicing Catholic? (Yes/No)


Does your institution’s president make the Catholic Profession of Faith and Oath of Fidelity? (Yes/No)


Additional Leadership information, clarification, or description (optional):

All of the current members of the institution´s governing board are practicing Catholics.

The Government of the University is made up of the Chancellorship and the Governing Board.

  • Chancellorship: The highest authority at the University is the Chancellor, who exercises all of the powers and the functions necessary for good governance. This position is held by the Prelate of Opus Dei, Mons. Fernando Ocariz. In the Chancellor’s absence, the Vice Chancellor of the University is Mons. Ramón Herrando.
  • The executive Council of the Governing Board, also known as the Office of the Executive Council, is the ordinary governing body of the University. It is made up of the President, the Vice President, the Administrator, the Bursar and the General Secretary.

All management tasks are carried out following principles of joint responsibility and participation.

A Message from the President

The University of Navarra, which was founded by St. Josemaria Escriva de Balaguer in 1952, is an undertaking of Opus Dei, an institution of the Catholic Church. It is a private university accredited by the Ministry of Education in Spain, as well as European and international educational organizations and government institutions of Europe, Asia and America. 

The University has seven campuses located in Pamplona, San Sebastian, Madrid, Barcelona, New York, Sao Paulo and Munich. The main campus is located in Pamplona, a city with one of the highest standards of living in Spain. 

The University of Navarra offers a full range of academic programs, divided into Undergraduate, Master’s and Doctoral Degrees. The University has one single purpose: to provide students with the best possible education and training. This excellence is reflected in national and international University Rankings. 

The student population is 11,844 students. Over 26% of our students are international as our philosophy is based on coexistence and respect among cultures, to which our students and alumni are a testimony. Our University offers many degrees in English and Spanish permitting our international students to learn Spanish while comfortably pursuing their degree. 

To carry out its educational mission, the teaching and research go hand in hand as our professors all hold Doctorate degrees in their respective fields. 

Studying at the University of Navarra means receiving an education at a modern and renowned university at which Christian inspiration is not simply a fundamental idea, but guides and informs all the activities of the organization. One of the differential values of this university is that it coordinates the teaching of Anthropology and Ethics as core curriculum for all of the students. 

University of Navarra mission is to educate and train students to become professionals who play an active role in society and are aware of the part they will play in the shaping of tomorrow’s world. The University contributes through personalized mentoring, with activities aimed at acquiring professional competences and personal habits that stimulate personal development in all of its dimensions: cultural, artistic, religious, athletic and solidarity. 

Alfonso Sanchez-Tabernero 


Visit Campus

Get in touch with the University of Navarra to schedule your campus visit:

+34 948 425 614

Campus Universitario s/n, 31080 Pamplona, Navarra, Spain.
Pamplona, Spain

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